Delegation path, tech lock-in, and design docs 💡
Monday 3-2-1 — Edition #45
Hey, Luca here! welcome to the Monday 3-2-1 ✨
Every Monday I will send you an email like this with 3 short ideas about engineering management, technical strategy, and good hiring.
You will also receive the regular long-form one on Thursday, like the last one:
To receive all the full articles and support Refactoring, consider subscribing if you haven’t already!
p.s. you can learn more about the benefits of the paid plan here.
Before we dive in into this week’s ideas, I am happy to spend a few words to promote Typo, whose team I have been in touch with for a while.
Typo is an intelligent Engineering Management platform that empowers software teams with insights to code better, deploy faster, and stay aligned with business goals.
With seamless integration with your tech stack (Git, Issues, CI/CD, Calendars, Slack), Typo enables to:
🔍 Deliver high-quality code — fast, with real-time visibility into SDLC metrics, bottleneck recommendations & automated dev workflows in Slack.
🎯 Invest efforts in the right things — by measuring engineering investment spent on the roadmap, tech debt, and ensuring alignment with business goals.
📈 Drive continuous improvement — by setting recommended team goals & tracking progress with automated alerts.
🔥 Prevent developer burnout — with work-pattern-based alerts & continuous experience feedback.
As a Refactoring reader, you get 30% off any Typo plan 👇
Back to this week’s ideas!
1) 🔀 The Delegation Path
One of the most popular approaches to delegation is the Eisenhower Matrix, which buckets your tasks in four quadrants, based on urgency and importance.
The matrix advices to address tasks based on the quadrant they are in, and, in particular, to delegate those that are urgent + not important.
Now, I have found this advice hard to follow in real life, for two reasons:
Urgent tasks — are often hard to delegate. Delegation is a long-term play that in the short-term may require more time/effort than doing the thing yourself.
Non-important tasks — are ok, but they are often trivial, so if you only delegate those, you are limiting people’s growth.
So, I feel like Eisenhower Matrix is just tactical advice — incomplete at best.
Instead, to look at things from a more strategic perspective, there are three angles you can use. Ask yourself these questions:
🌟 Unique value — Where is your time spent best? What is the unique value you bring to the table?
🎓 Skills — Are there people better equipped than you at handling some of your tasks?
🌱 Growth — Are there people who are eager to learn how to do some of the things you do?
My rule of thumb is: if at least two out of three drive me away from a task, I should probably delegate it.
So, I have found that you can draw a path on the matrix, that goes from the easiest + least valuable to delegate, to the hardest + most valuable 👇
🥉 Not urgent + not important — despite what the matrix says, you can’t always delete these. Conversely, they are the safest and easiest to delegate.
🥈 Not important + urgent — you need some structure already in place to delegate these in a timely fashion, but you can still do so with little expectations on quality.
🥇 Important + not urgent — the heart of good delegation. You need to establish what success looks like, how communication happens and who needs to be involved.
🏆 Important + urgent — the apex of delegation. When you are able to delegate these safely, you know you made it.
More ideas on good delegation in this recent Refactoring article 👇
2) ✏️ Design docs are the MVP of docs
If you feel you don't write enough docs and don't know where to start, the best way is by enforcing design docs.
Design docs are the MVP of docs, where in this case MV stands for both Minimum Viable and Most Valuable.
A design doc illustrates the tech design and implementation strategy for a feature or component. It is meant to be created before you start writing code, and to be shared with other stakeholders to converge on the solution.
You write it for several reasons:
💭 Help your reasoning — writing is thinking. Going through the process of writing a formal document helps solidify your reasoning and come up with a better solution.
🤝 Create consensus — align with stakeholders about what should be built, make sure important technical decisions are participated, and people feel invested in them.
🔨 Find the best technical solution — improve the original design through the contribution of others. Like a code review, but for the design.
📓 Record the decision — for posterity and documentation. That includes the trade-offs you evaluated, alternative solutions you discarded, open questions, and more.
In that respect, a design doc is useful throughout the whole lifecycle of a project.
Before release — it drives the process that makes people converge on a good solution.
After release — it acts as a decision record, that is often more useful than pure tech specs.
More ideas on how to write good design docs 👇
3) ⚔️ Boring vs exciting technology
When choosing some technology, we face the risk of things going wrong in some expected or unexpected ways. How should we evaluate such a risk?
Any risk, including tech risk, it's about probability * impact. In this case, impact depends on two factors:
💼 How important the feature is to the business — can we afford to get this wrong, or is this mission critical?
⛑️ How hard it is to recover — how reversible is this decision? How much lock-in do we develop if we go this route?
To minimize risk, the higher the impact, the lower you want the probability to be.
So, for critical areas where the lock-in is also high (e.g. database, infrastructure, payments, etc.), it is better to go the safe route and choose something good but boring.
For less important areas, instead, where your decision is also reversible, you can afford to take a bet and choose something new and exciting.
More ideas on how to choose technology 👇
And that’s it for today! If you are finding this newsletter valuable, consider doing any of these:
1) ✉️ Subscribe to the newsletter — if you aren’t already, consider becoming a paid subscriber. You can learn more about the benefits of the paid plan here.
2) ❤️ Share it — Refactoring lives thanks to word of mouth. Share the article with your team or with someone to whom it might be useful!
I wish you a great week! ☀️